DOES THE QUR’AN CONFIRM THE BIBLE?
O ye unto whom the Scripture hath been given! Believe in what We have revealed,
confirming that which ye possess. (4:47 Pickthall)
In some ways the Qur’an does confirm the Bible. For instance the Bible teaches that there is only one God and that he is the creator of all things and that there is a day when God will judge all mankind. The Qur’an too teaches these ideas and so confirms the Bible. However at many other important points the Qur’an contradicts the teaching of the Bible and so does not confirm it at all. Here are a few brief examples:
Fighting for God
In the Gospel Jesus very clearly taught that Christians are not to fight for their religion. His apostles also taught the same:
(T)urn the other cheek … love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you. (Matthew 5:39, 44)
Put back your sword in its place … for all who draw the sword will die by the sword. (Matthew 26:52)
For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the powers of this dark world and against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realms. (Ephesian 6:12)
But in the Qur’an it says that the Gospel taught that fighting for God (religion) is acceptable.
(T)hey fight in the way of God; they kill, and are killed; that is a promise binding upon God in the Torah, and the Gospel, and the Koran (Sura 9:111, Arberry).
What the Qur’an teaches about the Gospel is wrong. The Gospel clearly prohibits fighting for religion. The Qur’an does not confirm the Bible at this major point.
The Punishment for a Thief
In the Bible the punishment for stealing is that the thief must repay the property he stole plus an additional amount to compensate (Leviticus 6:1-5, Exodus 22:3-4). If the thief cannot repay then he is forced to work to repay his debt (Exodus 22:1). The maximum length of time that he can work is six years, then he must be released (Deuteronomy 15:12-14). This type of justice is property punishment for a property crime.
In the Qur’an however a thief is to have his hand cut off:
As for the thief, both male and female, cut off their hands. (Qur’an 5:38, Pickthall)
This type of punishment is a permanent lifelong physical punishment for a property crime. The Qur’an’s teaching in no way confirms the Bible’s teaching.
Remarrying the Same Woman
In the Torah, God commanded Moses that a man must not remarry his wife if after leaving him she has married another man. In fact God said it is detestable to do such a thing.
If a man marries a woman who becomes displeasing to him because he finds something indecent about her, and he writes her a certificate of divorce, gives it to her and sends her from his house, and if after she leaves his house she becomes the wife of another man, and her second husband dislikes her and writes her a certificate of divorce, gives it to her and sends her from his house, or if he dies, then her first husband, who divorced her, is not allowed to marry her again after she has been defiled. That would be detestable in the eyes of the LORD. (Deuteronomy 24:1-4)
However, the Qur’an allows a man to remarry his wife when after leaving him she has been married another man:
And if he hath divorced her (the third time), then she is not lawful unto him thereafter until she hath wedded another husband. Then if he (the other husband) divorce her it is no sin for both of them that they come together again. (Sura 2:230, Pickthall)
What the Qur’an allows the Bible teaches is disgusting, thus the Qur’an does not confirm the Bible.
The Death of Jesus
In the Bible Jesus clearly taught that he would die and be raised from the dead:
From that time on Jesus began to explain to his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things at the hands of the elders, chief priests and teachers of the law, and that he must be killed and on the third day be raised to life. (Matthew 16:21)
Jesus also said that his death and resurrection was what the prophets before him had foretold:
He said to them, “This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms.” Then he opened their minds so they could understand the Scriptures. He told them, “This is what is written: The Christ will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day, and repentance and forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. (Luke 24:45-47)
Jesus also explained the meaning of his death:
Whoever wants to become great among you must be your servant, and whoever wants to be first must be your slave– just as the Son of Man (Jesus) did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many. (Matthew 20:26-28)
However, when the Qur’an teaches about the death of Jesus on the cross it says that he never really died!
“We (the Jews) slew the Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, the Messenger of God” – yet they did not slay him, neither crucified him, only a likeness of that was shown to them. … and they slew him not of certainty – no indeed; God raised him up to Him; God is All-mighty, All-wise.(Sura 4:156-157, Arberry)
Jesus taught that his death on the cross was to pay for our sins and that it was part of God’s work that he came to perform. However in the Qur’an Jesus’ death on the cross is no death at all. Thus the Qur’an does not confirm the Bible at this most important point.
The Account of Noah
The Qur’an also incorrectly retells many of the Biblical accounts. Here are just two brief examples. The Bible clearly teaches that all of Noah’s sons came into the ark with him.
This is the account of Noah. Noah was a righteous man, blameless among the people of his time, and he walked with God. Noah had three sons: Shem, Ham and Japheth. … The LORD then said to Noah, “Go into the ark, you and your whole family, because I have found you righteous in this generation. … And Noah and his sons and his wife and his sons’ wives entered the ark to escape the waters of the flood. (Genesis 6:9-10, 7:1, 7:7)
However, in the Qur’an one of Noah’s sons did not come into the ark:
And Noah called to his son, who was standing apart (from the ark), “Embark with us, my son, and be thou not with the unbelievers!” He said, “I will take refuge in a mountain, that shall defend me from the water.” … And the waves came between them and he was drowned. (Sura 11:42-43, Arberry)
Thus the story of Noah in the Qur’an does not confirm the Bible’s teaching.
The Plagues of Egypt
The Bible records in great detail the plagues that God sent upon Egypt. This can be found in Exodus chs. 7-11. A summary of the plagues is as follows:
- River turned to blood. Exodus 7:14-24
- Frogs 8:1-15
- Gnats 8:16-19
- Flies 8:20-32
- Death of livestock. 9:1-7
- Boils 9:8-12
- Hail 9:13-35
- Locusts 10:1-20
- Darkness 10:21-29
- Death of the firstborn 11:1-10
In the Qur’an we are told that one of the plagues was a flood.
So we let loose upon them the flood and the locusts, the lice and the frogs, the blood, distinct signs; but they waxed proud and were a sinful people. (Sura 7:130/133, Arberry)
This is just wrong; a flood was not one of the plagues that God sent on Egypt. So again we see that the Qur’an does not confirm the Bible.
Conclusion: The Qur’an claims to confirm the teaching of the Bible. However, when its teaching is compared to that of the Bible it is seen that the Qur’an does not confirm the Bible at major and minor points. No doubt many excuses could be made up to excuse the Qur’an for this failure, but why rely on excuses? The Qur’an claims to confirm the teaching of the Bible but it does not therefore it is not true and not genuine prophecy from God.