HOW MUSLIMS CARRIED HINDU WISDOM TO THE WEST I

By Dr Radhasyam Brahmachari

Islamic Lies:

It is now well known that Allah has given a clean chit to the Muslims around the world to tell lies, called “taqiyya” or holy deception, for the benefit of Islam or glorifying Islam. So, the President Barack Obama, while addressing a gathering at the Cairo University, on June 5, 2009, said, “As a student of history, I also know civilization’s debt to Islam. It was Islam at places like Al-Azhar that carried the light of learning through so many centuries, paving the way for Europe’s renaissance and enlightenment. It was innovation in Muslim communities…

It was innovation in Muslim communities that developed the order of algebra, our magnetic compass and tools of navigation, our mastery of pens and printing, our understanding of how disease spreads and how it can be healed. Islamic culture has given us majestic arches and soaring spires, timeless poetry and cherished music, elegant calligraphy and places of peaceful contemplation. And throughout history, Islam has demonstrated through words and deeds the possibilities of religious tolerance and racial equality.”[1]

It is not difficult to understand that President Barack Hussain Obama, being a Muslim, told all these lies as mentioned above, as his duty to glorify Islam. In the above speech, President Obama has told another blatant lie to the audience that he is a Christian. This author, in his two part article “Conflict of Conscience between the Muslim Obama and the President Obama” [2] hase proven it conclusively that President Obama is a Muslim. At that time a study revealed that 20% of American citizens were convinced that, Obama is a Muslim. Today, the percentage of such people is rising sharply and the world’s large search engine, “Google” is fully convinced that Obama is a Muslim. But it is important to note that Obama said not a single word – Why that golden era of Arab science declined so sharply? Why the contribution of Islamic world in science today is almost zero? For the past thousand years, contribution to human civilization is nothing.

It should also be mentioned that, what Mr Obama so proudly highlighted as Islamic civilization, that did not evolved from Koran and the authors of that civilization were not Arabs. The authors of Islamic science, literature, astronomy, mathematics, architecture etc. were the kafirs , pagans and idolaters of India, Greece ,China. Ancient India was worlds knowledge center of higher Mathematics, Chemistry ,Physics ,Astrology, philosophy ,medicine and surgery etc. Seekers of knowledge used to come to India from all places of the world. It was common to see students from China, South East Asia, Central Asia, Iran, Middle East in these centers of learning.

For example, most of the pioneers of Arabic science were not ethnic Arabs. Abū al Wafā Būzjānī, al Farghānī, al Fazārī, al-Khwārizmī were Persians, al Bīrūnī was from Uzbekistan, Al Farabi was most probably an Afghan, Al Kindi, Hunayn ibn Ishaq were from Iraq, al Battānī was a Muslim astronomer, astrologer and mathematician and he was born in Harran near Urfa, which is now in Turkey Only a few like al Farahidi, Ibn Ishaq etc were ethnically Arabs.

Advancement in science, arts, literature or any branch of knowledge needs freedom of speech and freedom of thought. But freedom of thought is a taboo in Islam – each and every Muslim has to think, write and speak according to the guideline ordained by Allah in the Koran or in the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad called Hadith. If anyone says something or writes something violating the guidelines of Allah, he would instantly be declared an apostate that calls for a punishment of death. It is, therefore, evident that in such a suffocating atmosphere, science cannot flourish. That is the reason, the Islamic science died a very premature death. This is also the reason why the creativity of Islamic world today is almost zero.

To make science free from religious dogma and orthodoxy an Islamic school called Muatazilah  flourished in the cities of Basra and Baghdad, both in present-day Iraq, during the 8th–10th centuries. It is still adopted by some Muslim scholars and intellectuals today. The adherents of the school called Mutazili, were at severe confrontation with other Sunni Muslim scholars. And ultimately, the Mutazilis had to surrender to orthodox religious schools and their unscientific dogmas.

Present state of Islamic science:

A few examples may be narrated to highlight the poor performance in the creative arena of the Muslim World today. In the first week of January, 2006, the American Federation of Muslims of Indian-origin (AFMI) and the Talent Promotion Trust, a Bangalore based NGO, have jointly held a panel discussion on “Emerging India and Development of Muslims” in Bangalore. Mr. Farooque Shaikh, a renowned film star, while addressing the gathering of Muslims intellectuals on 7th January, said, “Muslims need to introspect as to why their situation has hit the present nadir and should give up blaming others for their dismal educational standard”. He also said that after analyzing the Muslim community he has come to the conclusion that … religious discrimination, gender bias and other issues are plaguing them”. (Islamic Voice: February, 2006).

Nearly 12 years ago, in January 1998, Mr. Wasim Sajjad, President of the Islamabad based Ministerial Standing Committee on Scientific and Technological Cooperation (CONSTECH), while addressing a press conference, said that the countries belonging to the Organisation of Islamic Conference (OIC), considering their share of world population, should have 4 million scientists and engineers, but in reality they had only 200,000, merely 5 per cent of the expected figure. He also pointed out that Muslims account for 1.3 billion or nearly 32 per cent of the world population, but scientific research papers they publish is negligible, below one per cent of world’s total. And at the same time, they have little contribution in the high tech-areas like computer software and information technology etc. Mr. Sajjad, while lamenting over the dearth of creativity and poor performance of the Muslims in modern science and technology, complained that, considering the share of world population, Islamic countries should spend $ 4.7 million a year for higher education and research, but in reality they were spending as low as $ 130,000 per Year.

The severe dearth of creativity in the Muslim world has been revealed in another study. In India and elsewhere in the world, Muslims are, as a community, most back-ward and top the list in adult illiteracy, infant mortality and poverty. Mr. Hisamul Islam Siddiqi, the president of the Indian Islamic Council, a Delhi based NGO. In February, 2000, while he was addressing a seminar on ‘Islamic Heritage: Indian Dimension’ in Delhi, said that nearly 36 per cent of Indian Muslims were urban and almost all of them were slum-dwellers, living below the poverty line. The Rahat Welfare Trust is a Mumbai based NGO and to describe the widespread darkness of ignorance and illiteracy among the Muslims, says, “This darkness makes a mockery of our freedom. It is only the light of education that can banish this darkness created by ignorance”. Islamic Voice is a Bangalore-based monthly. Its editor Mr. Sadatulla Khan, while lamenting over the lack of creativity and intellectual stagnation in the Muslim community, in his editorial ‘Intellectual Stagnation and Its Remedy’, writes, “Both individually and collectively, Muslims are victims of intellectual stagnation for the past several centuries and are painfully lagging behind in the race of civilization.” (To read more, see The World Community of Muslims: Shackled People Enslaved by the Koran by this author.)

Islam is a doctrine of destruction:

As a doctrine, Islam teaches destruction, not creation. After conquering Egypt they burnt and destroyed the great library of Alexandria. Pre-Islamic India boasted of the world’s oldest university at Taxila (4th to 5th B.C.). There were other world famous seats of learning at Nalanda , Odantipur, Vidisha etc. All these universities were destroyed and libraries burnt by the barbaric Muslim invaders. Before Islamic invasion, both atheists and theists – Hindus, Buddhists, Jains scientists and philosophers worked together and freely expressed their thoughts and views without fear of persecution in the name of religion. The result, Indian civilization turned into a paradise for scholars scientists. But the entire set up was ravaged by the barbaric Muslim invaders.

Such widespread destruction and, at the same time, large-scale slaughter of the Hindus for refusing to accept Islam, completely shattered social fabric of the Hindus which led to a sharp decline of the Hindu science. “From 1000A.D. Indian- subcontinent was shattered by frequent Islamic invasion with more than 80 millions were put to swords for their refusal to convert to Islam. The Islamic rule saw the destruction of the timeless proud legacy of learning and free thinking in this land of the ancients”, says a Youtube video. [3]

In India, the barbaric Muslim invaders also destroyed thousands of Hindu temples and raised mosques with the raw material obtained from the destruction of temples. In many places, they converted the temples directly into mosques. A Muslim chronicler of that time said, “It is easy to convert a temple into a mosque by following three simple steps. Firstly, remove and destroy the idol. Secondly, make pulpit for the imam and thirdly raise a minaret.” The conquest of Iran, Iraq and India by the Muslims proves that a rich civilization could be conquered by the brutes, as Rome was destroyed by the Vandals. This mass scale destruction and massacring the non-Muslim was not confined to India, or Iran, or Iraq. Such rampant destruction and large scale homicide went on throughout the vast area the Muslims conquered and established the Muslim or Arab Empire.

Islamic or Arab conquests:

Conquering non-Arab countries and enslaving non-Arab peoples began after the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Muhammad, through his barbaric creed called Islam, could establish a new unified polity in the Arabian Peninsula which under the subsequent  Caliphs, particularly under the Umayyad Caliphates, saw a century of rapid expansion of Muslim power that stretched from the borders of China and India (Present day Pakistan), across Central Asia, the Middle East, North Africa, Sicily, and the Iberian Peninsula, to the Pyrenees.

Muslim Empire during Umayyad Caliphates

Due to this Muslim conquest, the Sassanid Empire collapsed and brought about a great territorial loss for the Byzantine Empire. Many historians believe that the Sassanid Persian and Byzantine Roman empires were militarily and economically exhausted at that time from decades of fighting against one another. Later on, wars between the Byzantine Empire and the Umayyad caliphates resulted in the conquest of the Greater Syria, Egypt, North Africa and Armenia  by the Muslims. The estimates for the size of the Islamic Caliphate suggest it was more than thirteen million square kilometers (five million square miles), making it larger than all current states except the Russian Federation.

The conquest of Persia and Iraq, the two seats of ancient civilization and learning and the shift of the Caliphate from Mecca to Baghdad, under the Abbasid caliphs, is a milestone of Arab or Islamic science. “Starting around 750 AD, science flourished under the Abbasid caliphs of Baghdad, gradually spreading its influence as far west as Spain and eastwards into Central Asia, over a period of more than 600 years.

By drawing on a variety of texts – Greek, Indian and Persian – and translating them into Arabic, the early scholars accumulated the greatest body of scientific knowledge in the world … and built on it through their own discoveries. Often, there was a practical Islamic relevance. Astronomy could be used to work out the direction of prayer. Mathematics was needed for dividing property according to the Islamic law of inheritance. Although science flourished under Arab-Islamic patronage, by no means all the important figures in science were Muslims, or even Arabs. The common factor, however, was the Arabic language, which for a time became the international language of science. It was only later, in the 12th and 13th centuries, when the Arabic works began to be translated into Latin, that such knowledge passed to the west”, says an author.” [4]

In fact, the Islamic state was formed in 622 C.E., when the Prophet moved from Mecca to Medina but within a century after his death (632 C.E.) a large part of the planet, from southern Europe throughout North Africa to Central Asia and on to India, was controlled by and/or influenced by the new Arabic-Muslim Empire. In 711 C.E., Arab Muslims invaded southern Spain and a center of flourishing civilization (al-Andalus) was created and another center emerged in Baghdad from the Abbasids, who ruled part of the Islamic world during a historic period later characterized as the “Golden Age” (750 to 1258 C.E.).

Though the Islamic scholars claim many discoveries as Arabic origin, most of the achievements of the Islamic-Arabic Golden Age were based on previous initiatives taken by the ancient Egyptians, Hebrews, Persians, Greeks, Romans and the Hindus. The Abbasid Caliphate built a big library, commonly known as the House of Wisdom, in Baghdad where scholars used to meet to exchange their views. Translators were invited to Baghdad, to translate Greek, Latin and Sanskrit texts. The result of their work was impressive progress in all sectors of science. The rulers of Islamic Spain also engaged a team of translators and recruited scholars who gathered knowledge (a few of them made some minor contributions) in science, medicine, technology, philosophy, and art. [5]

In this way, the Muslim (or Arab) empire acted as a bridge for taking wisdom of the East to the West. The most important Hindu discovery that Arabs carried to the West was the Hindu Numerals or writing numbers infinitely large or infinitesimally small, using nine symbols, one zero and a decimal point. Due to their ignorance, the Europeans took it to be an Arabic invention and called it the Arabic numerals. But now it has been conclusively established that the real inventors were the Hindus of India. Even though, some authors still mention it as the Indo-Arabic numerals. We hope to discuss this matter in the second part of this article.

 

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