By Mumin Salih
The claims that the Quran contains scientific miracles started to came to light only recently. For 1400 years Muslims never thought of the Quran as a book of scientific information and certainly did not find scientific miracles in it. Even as recently as half a century ago Muslim scientists read the Quran just like other Muslims did, without ever considering subjecting it to scientific analysis. Had really they wanted, they could have easily found at least a few scientific errors in the Quran, but they mostly preferred to remain coy about this. Even when such errors were manifest, they probably explained it with the alibi that the Quran was revealed to 7th century Arabs and was not really meant to be a scientific book, anyway.
We must remember that the divine miracles passed to us through religions were never meant to prove the existence or capabilities of God. They were meant to prove the authenticity of a particular prophet. In this case the Quran was meant to prove that Mohammed was a prophet and not an impostor. The Arabs before Muhammed believed in God, they even called Him Allah. They also believed that Allah had created this world, which in itself, is the proof of His existence.
We must also remember that were we to accept that the Quran is a divine book, then it must be in full agreement with science. Even ninety-nine percent agreement is not good enough. One mere single mistake is too many because God could never make mistakes – not even a single one for that matter. Therefore, it is logical to accept that the spotting of only one mistake in the Quran is a sufficient proof that Quran is man made, Mohammed is an impostor and Islam is a cult.
Scientific Achievements in Ancient Civilizations
When Muslims say ‘miracle‘ they mean that the Quran is in agreement with science. Of course, any published book is expected to be in agreement with the current science of its time. The possibility of a miracle is considered only if a book predicts or explains scientific discoveries that are not within current human knowledge of its time. This principle, when applied to the Quran requires historical research to find out what was the generally accepted information about the scientific issues which were correctly mentioned in the Quran. It doesn’t take a genius to understand that when there is a scientific error, we don’t even have to go through the pain of historical research.
Most of us tend to think ancient civilizations as primitive, and its greatness is merely relative to its time. Careful reading of history, however, will surprise the researchers with the quality and volume of scientific progress made in those ages. It seems that we are fooled by the scientific leaps man made in the last two or three centuries of human civilization. We mustn’t forget that most of our recent scientific discoveries are secondary to technological achievements. Technology has made it possible for us to achieve in hours what used to be achieved in weeks.
The impressive engineering achievements of the past are just living reminders of the sophisticated scientific thoughts behind them. They cannot be the results of just pure hard labour only. Our current mathematical and physical principles had its roots in ancient civilizations. We still think of literature and philosophy of ancient civilizations as the best.
How Did The Issue of Scientific Miracles Come Up?
A Historical Background
The Arab Nationalism/The Decline of Islam
The Arab world passed through a brief period of renaissance during the last century. The Arabs revolted against the Ottoman Empire to the painful fact that they were well behind the west in science and technology. The Europeans were seen by the Arabs as their national enemy and as the occupying forces of the Arabs. At the same time they also realized they (the Arabs) had a great deal to learn from the Europeans. Arab counties were struggling to gain their independence, which they eventually achieved. The future seemed to be bright but there was hard work to be done to catch up with the west.
This period was marked with some decline in the interest in religion among the Muslim Arabs. Muslim clerics were unable to provide answers to questions of modern life and were often seen as obstacles to development. Consequently, Muslim clerics lost some of their influence on the rest of the population, and were often portrayed negatively in Arabic culture. The Muslim brotherhood movement was banned and the general public looked at its members with some suspicion.
In the Arabian Peninsula things were moving in another direction. The Saudi family just got hold of the country, thanks to their alliance with the members of the newly formed wahabi religious sect renowned for applying Islam in its most strict form. This coincided with the discovery of oil in the country, which led to wealth on a scale never known to the Arabs before. To spoil the party for the Saudis, this also coincided with the appearance in Egypt of President Nasser with his nationalist agenda. Nasser’s influence quickly covered the entire Arab world. Saudi Arabia acquired the image of a backward country and had little influence in the political stage. That was the age of Arab nationalism, which ended by the death of its hero, Nasser, in 1970 only three years after the Arab’s defeat in 1967 war.
The Role of Saudi Arabia
The vacuum left was immediately filled by Saudi Arabia who aggressively promoted its brand of Islam (Wahhabism) to the rest of the Arab and Islamic worlds. Saudi Arabia was well placed to do that, thanks to its financial muscle. Saudi Arabia had millions of foreign employees, who although were largely Muslims, had little interest in religion. The system in Saudi Arabia is that all Muslims must practice their religion, in other words, all male Muslims must pray in mosques, a small inconvenience for the good money to earn. All mosques in the country are run by Saudi imams and strictly preach only wahabbi Islam with no tolerance for the other sects of Islam. Even though Saudi Arabia recruited many scholars from many Arab and Islamic countries to teach in its various institutes, these scholars were converted and were allowed to teach Islam only the wahabbi way. To their liking, this system resulted in a whole generation that has been brainwashed. The process was made easier by the fact that most of those millions of employees had only minimal knowledge in Islam, and therefore, were unwilling and incapable to dispute the new teachings.
Saudi Arabia applied those measures from the early days of its creation but they were largely ineffective during the 50s and 60s. It was because the Arabs were busy rallying behind Nasser in his push for Arab nationalism. To make things even worse to the Saudis, Nasser managed to make Egypt as the most influential Islamic country due to the presence in Egypt of Al Azhar University, which was considered for hundreds of years as the highest Islamic authority. In other words, Saudi Arabia was effectively sidelined by Nasser, whose name will remain as one of the most hated names to both the Saudis and Islamists.
All these changed after Nasser’s death in 1970. Egypt stepped being a leading force in the Arab and Islamic world, Al Azhar lost its status to Saudi institutions, and many of its scholars were recruited by Saudi Arabia and converted to preach their brand of Islam. The once-banned radical Muslim brotherhood movement was resurrected.
These were the perfect settings for the Islamic movements to make a comeback with a vengeance. They promoted Islam aggressively – their message to people was that all the problems in the Islamic world, including the defeat of the Arabs in 1967, are due to the non-adherence to the strict teachings of Islam. In this sense it is only fair to say that the Islamic movements emerged as clear winners after 1967. They used the defeat to support their argument in attacking nationalism and advocating Islamic fundamentalism as an alternative.
Islamic movements were aware that Islam and science do not mix well, which is hardly a problem to any true Muslim, who always see Islam to be right and science to be wrong. However, if they want to make the religion more acceptable to others, whether Muslims or non-Muslims there are many questions to be answered. The rescue came from Maurice Bucaille, a French doctor who worked for the Saudi king and wrote a book in the 1970s about the Bible, the Quran and modern science. Oil money seems to have paid well. To the Islamists this is like winning the jackpot.
Saudi Arabia established a generously financed government organization whose purpose is not just solving the incompatibilities between the Quran and science but to go even further and claim that the Quran has many scientific miracles. They recruited Muslim scholars and scientists from around the world and targeted western scientists. This strategy apparently brought much successes.
To this point, I must say that I never met a friend or a colleague who carefully had read Maurice Bucaille book, although they all know about it. But that does not matter. What matters is the fact that a western Christian has admitted that the Quran is scientifically accurate. If a Muslim wrote such a book it would not make such an impact, as the material contained is not the issue, the author is. Speaking of myself I read the book during the height of my religious interest and was never really convinced of the arguments in it, but who cares? What matters is that there is an admission from a western Christian intellectual that the Quran is correct, scientifically. If such an admission comes from the enemy camp why should I question it? I believed all the claims made in the book not because they convinced me but because they happened to suit me.
One cannot help wondering if Maurice Bucaille really believed what he claimed about the divine origin of the Quran? He must have read the Quran carefully and came across with the many verses in which Allah makes it clear that the unbelievers will be burnt in hell fire for eternity. For this fear alone, at the least, Maurice Bucaille should have pronounced the shahada to save his soul. Some Muslims claim that he had lately converted to Islam, a claim that does not make any difference to this argument. He certainly didn’t know that he is going to live long enough to re-think and convert to Islam, if it is true that he did.
Maurice Bucaille’s position reminds us with another famous personality who knew Allah but decided to be in opposition. No I did not mean Prof. Keith Moore, I meant Iblis (the Satan) himself! The Satan’s attitude in opposing Allah remains a mystery to us all. He knew everything about Allah’s punishments and knew the consequences of his disobedience still he did it – oppose Allah.
The Appearance of the ‘Miracle Specialists’
Maurice Bucaille gave Islamic clerics a big boost. He gave them confidence and proved them that their efforts were well-paid. This lead to the appearance of a new breed of Muslim scholars called ‘miracle specialists’ whose role is to spread this myth of Quranic miracles to Muslims and non-Muslims everywhere in the world. With the purpose of strengthening their faith and securing their conversion to wahabism, the Saudi sect of Islam, their first target are the Muslims. Other targets are the non-Muslims working in Saudi Arabia, who are given the message about the miracle myth by every possible means. Non-Muslim conversions to Islam were generously rewarded. Then of course, to use in their campaign, they targeted western scientists to say some positive remarks about Islam.
True Muslims will have no reservation in challenging the most basic scientific fact, if it is not in line with the Quranic teachings. Their golden rule is that Allah is always right while everything else can be wrong. There is no problem with true Muslims in admitting that even when all the available evidence points to the truth of a scientific fact, but if that fact is not in line with Quranic teachings, it simply does not become a fact at all! Any true Muslim will choose to be with Allah even when it is against the whole world. However, these true Muslims understand that not all Muslims have a perfect faith like theirs; therefore, proving that Quran is in harmony with science is always welcome.
These so-called miracle specialists developed a strategy to solve any incompatibility between Quran and science. The Quran is made of words that cannot be changed while human understanding can be changed. Arabic dictionaries and tafseer (interpretation) books are not divine; therefore, can be changed.
Next in their strategy is to get of what appears like a stamp of authority on whatever they want to say, and there is no shortage of scientists who are willing to endorse, in return for money and fame, whatever appeals to the miracle advocates. These scientists get invitations to appear in lavishly organized meetings where the speakers make their claims of Quranic agreements with science. The only other argument allowed in such meetings is to praise their findings. The audience is usually overwhelmed by an impressive introduction of a Muslim (or a non-Muslim) scientist, typically a person who worked or qualified in the west, attended many international meetings, appeared on many TV programs and has many publications. This way, the audience is already prepared to trust whatever this man is going to say. Their usual evidence is something like, ‘as we all know that this has been scientifically proven beyond doubt.’
Prophets and Miracles
The Quran has the stories of many prophets who were armed with miracles, which serve the purpose of a divine stamp of authenticity. For example, Moses had his famous stick, which converts to a snake and with which he caused the sea to split. Sulaiman was in control of the wind and the jinn and was able to understand the language of animals. Jesus had the capability to cure the sick and wake up the dead. No human being who witnesses any of those miracles can argue with it, although it was up to them whether to believe in the prophet or not. When Moses converted his stick into a snake no one in the audience said ‘no you did not convert it to a snake’ and this seems to be consistent in all the miracle stories told in the Quran.
The Quranic Puzzles
Such consistency seems to have been broken in the case of the miracles attributed to the Quran itself. To appreciate a Quranic miracle one needs to have an unlimited imagination and a willingness to believe what is against rational thinking. If there are any miracles in the Quran then only a few people could see them. But there aren’t any, and we will see why.
Are we supposed to believe that the Quran is a puzzle? Why Allah likes to give us puzzles when it comes to the Quran? Why he doesn’t make it clear to all and every one of us so that we all understand it and agree on its meaning? Is it a test of intelligence? So what about the rest of us who are not intelligent enough to understand the miracle?
When a neutral person reads the Quran, the first question that arises why does it contain so many scientific errors? Muslim clerics now want us to believe that the Quran is not only free of scientific errors but also has scientific miracles in it! They have adopted the strategy: attack is the best form of defence.
The Quran describes itself as the clear book (alkitab almubeen); in other words, it is written in clear language. In theory, every one with a reasonable understanding of Arabic should be able to understand the Quran. So, when one finds the Quran to be ambiguous, it must be that either the Quran is not accurate in describing itself as a clear book, therefore not a divine book, or those claims are wrong, which again leads to the conclusion that it is not a divine book!
The Quran is claimed by Muslims to be Gods word to humanity to guide them through this life. It is claimed to be like a manual that Muslims refer to it whenever they needed it on life’s issues. It is supposed to be the chosen means of communication between God and humans. The Quran keeps emphasising that it is a clear book (mubeen) and suitable to all mankind. That is the theory; the reality is that all these claims are far from true. It has been a useless manual for 1400 years, never been a clear book and Muslims disagreed on its issues from the early days of Islam. They even killed each other because of Quranic ambiguity!
The Quran is written in Arabic and has to be subjected to the rules of the language. It is just unacceptable to allow various Islamic groups to bring new meanings to Quranic verses to suit their agenda. Those Muslims who claim the right to change the Quranic meanings will only prove to us that this book is meaningless.
The Quran is in agreement with the Current science- of the 7th century
A legitimate question to ask when considering the subject of the Quran and science will be: Was the Quran in agreement with the prevailing scientific knowledge of the 7th century Arabia? I think the answer is YES. All the evidence we have is that the Quran did not make any scientific statement that was seen absurd in its time. The Arabs of Mecca were very critical to the Quran in many ways; for example, regarding its composition or regarding the insults to their idols, but we do not know of a single incident when the Arabs objected to a Quranic verse because of a scientific issue. That tells us that the Quran did not say anything that was outside the Arab’s current scientific knowledge. From the scientific point of view the Arabs of Mecca were very happy about the Quran.
The Arabs of the 7th century heard Mohammed reciting the verses describing the movement of the sun around a flat earth that is stabilized by placing mountains here and there. They heard Mohammed saying the earth is like a carpet, they did not see anything unusual in that. They normally sat on their carpets in the open and placed few stones (mountains) here and there to stabilize it. They did not see anything unscientific in that. They also heard the verses, without raising any eyebrows which describes the development of the human embryo. However, 1400 years later, we see a plethora of Muslim miracle scientists who claim that the Quran is full with scientific knowledge which humans discovered only recently. It is now claimed that the Quran contains over 1200 scientific verses! Some miracle scientists even claim that all science is recorded in the Quran!
There are hundreds of claims made by the miracle specialists; the most quoted are probably the ones regarding the shape of the earth and the development of the human embryo. I shall take these two to demonstrate how those specialists wrap nonsense with modern scientific terminology to overwhelm the simple audience and call it a miracle.
The Shape of the Earth
The following is a list of the verses referring to the shape of earth. The Arabic words used in the Quran are in bold red.
Q. 13:3 And He it is who hath outstretched the earth, and placed on it the firm mountains
Q. 15:19 And the earth have WE spread out
Q. 20:53 [since he is the One] Who has laid out the earth as a carpet for you
Q. 2:22 Who made the earth a bed for you, and the heaven a roof
Q. 43:10 (Yea, the same that) has made for you the earth (like a carpet) spread out
Q. 50:6-7 What, have they not beheld heaven above them, how we have built it, and decked it out fair, and it has no cracks? And the earth — We stretched it forth, and cast on it firm mountains, and we caused to grow therein of every joyous kind
Q. 51:48 And the earth we have spread out, and how excellently do we spread it out!
Q. 71:19 And God has laid the earth for you as a carpet
Q. 78:6 Have WE not made the earth as a bed, And the mountains as pegs
Q. 79:27-30 What, are you stronger in constitution or the heaven He built? He lifted up its vault, and levelled it, and darkened its night, and brought forth its forenoon; and the earth – after that He spread it out…
Q. 88:20 Nor even how the earth has been flattened out?
Q. 91:5-6 By the heaven and that which built it and by the earth and That which extended it!
Quran described the shape of earth using the following Arabic words:
Madda, Madadnaha, Firasha, Mahdan, Farashnaha, Bisata, Mihada, Dahaha, Tahaha and Sutehat.
Every one of them means FLAT. I am trying to think of other words in the Arabic language that mean flat but can’t find anymore! It is clear that Allah, according to the Quran wants to tell man that earth is flat, and he used all available Arabic vocabulary to get the message across. This is precisely what people understood from the Quran for 1400 years.
The late sheikh Abdul Aziz Bin Baz was in his time the highest Islamic authority in Saudi Arabia, and to many Muslims in the whole world. Sheikh Bin Baz was a man of unquestionable knowledge in Islam and the Arabic language, and a very dedicated Muslim. As recently as 1982, he issued a fatwa that earth is flat and those Muslims who say otherwise contradict the Quranic teachings. Sheikh Bin Baz was aware that scientific discoveries point to a round earth that orbits the sun. He was a true devout Muslim who had to choose between man made scientific discoveries and the Quranic revelations. Being a dedicated Muslim Sheikh Bin Baz decided to side with Allah who does not do mistakes. In 1982 scientists had no doubt about the shape of earth, but Sheikh Bin Baz, on the other hand, had no doubt about the clarity of the Quranic revelations that made him issue his fatwa with confidence. He knew how it is embarrassing for him in the scientific circles but he was willing to face the whole world because of his confidence in the Quran.
So how those miracle specialists extract a miracle from such a clear error? As usual, they have to re-interpret the Quran, change the laws of the language, even to extract new meanings from the words and to bring logical thinking to an end. They say: When the Quran says earth is flat it means the earth appears to be flat, so wherever you are on earth it appears to you that the earth is flat, and thought of this could happen only if the earth is round!!
But the Quranic verses do not mention the Arabic word for appear (tahsabuha) at all. The Quran has used words to mean appear to you in other verses and could have used them in this context to make its point, but it didn’t. Then what about those astronauts to whom the earth does not appear to be flat but round?
Other Muslim apologists put another excuse for this error. They claim that it would be unrealistic for the Quran to say the earth is round to the 7th century Arabs, they would not believe it! But then, this means the Quran was revealed only to confirm existing wrong ideas. And why this gentle approach was not considered when it tells them that birds and ants could speak to humans, or when it is told them that a human (Mohammed) spent the night with Allah in the seventh heaven, and had a sight-seeing tour to view hell and paradise?
Other apologists focus on one word, Dahaha. According to Arabic dictionaries and tafseer books, this word also means flat. It is the bed, which an ostrich prepares to lay its eggs. Those miracle experts noticed this word eggs and eureka! It’s a miracle! The Quran knew 1400 years ago earth is round! But dahaha still means flat.
Other apologists looked everywhere in the Quran to find a word that can possibly mean round and they found one in sura 39:5 He has created the Heavens and the Earth for Truth. He wraps the night up in the day, and wraps the day up in the night. The word yukawer translated here as wraps can also mean to make like a ball but that does not refer to earth, it refers to the day and night. Miracle scientists will see this as a hint made by the Quran 1400 years ago about the shape of earth!
I just wonder if the earth is really flat and Allah wants to say it is flat, how can he say it and in what expression? Are there any other expressions left in the Arabic language that Allah has not used in the Quran to give the meaning of flat? Unless of course those apologists think that Allah should use the English word FLAT to convince them.
Development of the human embryo
The Quran described the development of the human embryo in a number of verses similar to this one (Q.23: 12-14), which is the most quoted: “Verily We created man from a product of wet earth, then placed him as a drop of seed in a safe lodging, then We fashioned the drop a clot (‘alaqa), and of the clot (‘alaqa) We fashioned a lump, and of the lump We fashioned bones, and We clothed the bones (with) meat. Then We produced it as another creation.”
The way this verse is structured in Arabic means that Allah created man from a drop which he placed in a safe place (we assume it is the uterus), then this drop was created into something sticky (alaq), then this sticky thing was made into a lump (which looks like something that has been chewed) then this lump was fashioned into bone, then Allah dressed this bone with flesh.
The above verse used few words notfa (drop), alaqa (sticky thing, or blood clot), mudgha (lump). I don’t see in this verse or in all the other verses about this subject anything more than a description of what ladies could describe after a miscarriage. Miscarriages can happen at various stages of early pregnancy; so embryos look different in each stage.
I keep looking at this verse trying to find a miracle. Humans since the Stone Age must have noticed that man’s semen was necessary for a woman to get pregnant. They also must had noticed how embryos look like after miscarriages at various stages of pregnancy. How else any woman in 7th century Arabia would describe to us her understanding of the development of the human embryo.
In connection with embryos, the Arabs heard Mohammed saying this and the other verses, and they accepted it with no criticism whatsoever. The Arabs, and indeed the Jewish tribes in Arabia, criticized Mohammed whenever he said something that looks absurd to them. On this occasion, they did not. There is not a shred of evidence that this verse was met with any criticism. We must conclude that these verses must have agreed with the prevailing knowledge of the 7th century.
Comparing with our time, we have to admit that the 7th century knowledge, although appropriate for its time, was not accurate enough. Where is the science in the above verse or in other similar verses? Is there any clear mention of the ovum? Why didn’t Allah know that the ovum is as important as the sperm is? The above verse clearly states that the lump was converted into bones, which implies that the whole lump was converted into the skeletal system, which is then dressed with flesh? This does not at all corroborate with our current understanding of embryology.
It is quite amazing to note that the Quranic verses describing the embryological development contain scientific errors that the miracle experts like to see as a miracle. On this they made a remarkable success when Prof. Keith Moore of Canada fell into the trap set for him by the Saudi organization dealing with the Quranic miracles. To the satisfaction of the Saudis Prof. Keith Moore shamelessly accepted that Quran has an accurate description of the development of the embryo. Overnight, Prof. Moore became a celebrity and was treated as a VIP in his frequent trips to Islamic countries. He even published a special edition of his book, apparently financed by Bin laden to whom he made an acknowledgement. Prof. Moore’s statement is widely used by Muslims who consider it as the end of discussion.
I do not claim for a minute any authority in the field of embryology, but this is not about embryology. It is about commonsense. You don’t need to be an embryology genius to spot the nonsense of extracting a miracle from a wrong 7th century statement. When the Saudis recruited Prof. Moore to do his dirty part they meant just that. They wanted to silence any freethinking about this subject and to stop any criticism to their false claims.
Baucaille and Moore – do they believe their own claims?
These two western scientists have given the Saudi organization dealing with Quranic miracles more than they could dream of. Their support to Saudis false claims is of tremendous magnitude, and has indirectly helped to fuel Islamic extremism. History will always have personalities like these two who would rather succumb to the temptation of fame and money rather than stand by their principles. Money, especially Arab/oil money, it seems could really buy the conscience of the so-called celebrated scientists and physicians.
These two scientists claimed that the Quran must have been revealed from Allah. It does not matter if they are now Muslims or Christians. We know they made their claims in the 70s and 80s and remained Christians for a long time, probably until now!
We find this attitude difficult to digest. They must have read Allah’s threatening verses in the Quran regarding the severe punishments awaiting the unbelievers. If they really believed that the Quran is a divine revelation then they should know that Allah does not compromise with the unbelievers, unless they also believe their good relations with the Saudis might make Allah forgive them.
These two scientists made their claims and disappeared from the stage! They only appeared in Islamic sponsored meetings and refuse any interviews. They can only defend their claims in an Islamic environment when all they hear is praise and complements.
Examples of Abuse of human intelligence and trust
Some Muslims now believe that there are hundreds of verses in the Quran that contain scientific miracles. Some even go further and claim that we should be able to find all human knowledge in the Quran. They support their arguments by the Quranic verse that says “we revealed this Quran to you, in it an explanation of everything” I shall discuss some of the most quoted miracles as a demonstration of how some Muslims wrap 7th century statements with modern science.
When some unbelievers challenged Mohammed to split the moon, he did it. The moon was split 1400 years ago, then it was put back together. Only recently Nasa discovered that the moon was split in the past. This was also recorded in Chinese calendars.
This is a big lie. Nasa never claimed such non-sense, neither did the Chinese. A splitting of the moon would have been seen by all nations around the earth; also it would have serious consequences on earth. The Arabs of Mecca never thought of the moon to be so massive in size.
Human astronauts heard azan (call for prayer) on the moon. Neil Armstrong converted to Islam.
This is another big lie that was circulated widely by the Muslims. The circulated story was so detailed that one wonders how those Muslims behind it had the courage to do it. It was denied completely by Neil Armstrong, but it shows how far the miracle scientists are prepared to go to claim a victory.
Aeroplane technology predicted in the Quran. I saw this in an Islamic website and was completely amazed. When I clicked to see the details I found a reference to prophet’s Sulaiman control of the wind, which is a hint, made by the Quran that man will control air travel! The writer went on to explain some details of aviation physics. Remember all the Quran mentioned was the word wind! A typical example of extracting a miracle from none sense.
Microchip technology predicted in the Quran. The reference here is to the same story of prophet Sulaiman when he entered the valley of ants and heard them talking! The Quran only had to mention the word valley and Muslim scientists will understand that it is a reference to the Silicon Valley, which is the centre of microchip industry! Don’t they experiment in robotic insects in the Silicon Valley?
They pick up a word in the Quran and immediately cover it with scientific language and move on to talk about complicated scientific principles. In other words, they are saying to their simple audience: this one is really too clear that we are sure you are convinced, let us move on to the next!
The Quran is a 7th century book that is full with scientific, historical and linguistic errors. It is impossible for any true, dedicated scientist to see any miracles in such a book. It even fails the test of morality when it asks humans to do acts against their instincts. Accepting slavery, treatment of women as inferiors and intolerance to criticism and freethinking are only few of the moral codes of the Quran. The Quran does not only contain one or two scientific errors, it is full with them. A book like this cannot be attributed to Allah. It is not divine but man-made, and is badly made.